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    英语 百分网?#21482;?#31449;

    关于小升初英语专项复习:there be句型

    时间:2019-03-24 英语 我要投稿

      一.there/here be结构

      there be结构表示“某时、某地存在着什么事物或人?#20445;?#21253;括there is、there are、there was、there were。

      here be结构与它类似,用法也完全相同,只不过是表示“这里存在着什么事物或人”。

      二.和have、has、had的区别:

      (1)There be 句型表示:在某地有某物(或人);而have、has、had表示:某人拥有某物。

      (2)在there be 句型中,主语是单数,be 动词用is;主语是复数,be 动词用are;如有几件物品,be 动词根据最近be 动词的那个名?#31034;?#23450;即“就近原则”。

      (3)there be 句型的否定句在be 动词后加not,一般疑问句把be 动词调到句首。

      (4)there be句型与have(has) 的区别:there be 表示在某地有某物(或人);have(has) 表示某人拥有某物。

      (5)some和any在there be 句型中的运用:some 用于肯定句,any 用于否定句或疑问句。

      (6)and 和or 在there be句型中的运用:and 用于肯定句,or 用于否定句或疑问句。

      (7)针对数量提问的特殊疑问句的基本结构是:

      How many + 名词复数+ are there + 介词短语?

      How much + 不可数名词+ is there + 介词短语?

      (8)针对主语提问的特殊疑问句的基本结构是: What’s + 介词短语?

      (9)There be结构一般用在句子的开头,而have等词只能用于某一个主语后面。练一练:

      1、用恰当的be动词填空。

      1) There ______ four seasons in a year.

      2) There ______not any trees two years ago.

      3) --- ______there a post office near your school? ---Yes, there ______.

      4) ---How many stops ______there? ---There______only one.

      5) There ______not any stamps on the envelope.

      6) ______ there any birds in the tree?

      7) There______ a shopping center near our school last year. But now there______ no one.

      8) There ______only three of us: my dad, my mum and me.

      9) Here ______some bread for you.

      10) In New York, there ______ a lot of rain in spring.

      2、选用“have, has, had, there is, there are, there was, there were”填空。

      1) I ______a good father and a good mother.

      2) ______ a telescope on the desk.

      3) He ______a tape-recorder.

      4) ______a basketball in the playground.

      5) They ______ a nice garden.

      6) My father ______ a story-book last year.

      7) ______a reading-room in the building?

      8) What does Mike ______?

      9) ______any books in the bookcase?

      10) How many students ______in the classroom?

      11) ______a story-book on the table a moment ago.

      12) What do you ______?

      13) My parents ______ some nice pictures.

      14) ______ some maps on the wall.

      15) ______ a map of the world on the wall.

      16) David’s friends ______ some tents.

      17) __________ many children on the hill.

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